RAN N28 BAE MQM-107E Kalkara
Worth A$47 million, the Kalkara
(“Storm Bird”) contract provided for 9 years of target system operation
with two ground control systems, associated ground support equipment,
and began with 20 target aircraft from 1999 to 2008..
The first Kalkara flight was conducted from Jervis Bay on June 19, 1998 and the Kalkara was also operated from HMAS Stirling and the Woomera Weapons Range in South Australia with operational flights commencing in February 1999.
After nearly four years of trials and operations, a Kalkara successfully flew mission 100 on Thursday March 27,2006 from Gilbert Point at HMAS Stirling while the Kalkara Flight was conducting development trials and providing aerial targets to ships missile systems.
The Kalkara Unmanned Aerial Target System (UATS) achieved the Operational Release (OR) on August 10,2006.
During the OR process the Kalkara system was awarded an Australian Military Type Certificate (AMTC) and became the first UAV in the world to successfully achieve a full AMTC in August 2000. Today most UAV/UAT systems in the world follow the Kalkara example and hold an AMTC or equivalent for their country of operation.
The Kalkara proved to be a
valuable asset to the ADF as it was the target system used for the
introduction of at least three missile systems into the AF including
ASRAAM and AMRAAM for the RAAF, and ESSM for the RAN.
Launched using rocket-assisted take-off from a cradle, Kalkara was been operated from basic facilities in locations on Australia’s East and West coasts working for Navy. It has also been operated at the Air Weapons Range in Woomera in inland South Australia for work with the RAAF fighter force.
The Kalkara was capable of
operation between 100 feet and 40,000 feet and its top speed is Mach
0.86. Depending on it planned flight profile, its endurance was about 30
to 60 minutes.
The Author of this page is Darren Crick (Updated by Brendan Cowan)
Source: www.defence.gov.au ,
Emails: Mark Clayton, Phil Thompson, Brendan Cowan
Updated 24 July 2013
our policy to only show historical events, no current
operational information will be displayed on this